Sunday, December 15, 2013

The Great history of persia(Shiraz)


City of Shiraz is located in southwest of Iran and is the capital of Fars province and it has been the capital of Iran for many time through out the history. Shiraz has a population of !.5 million and its one of the oldest cities in Iran. People in Shiraz speak Farsi and have the accent of their own which gives them the unique way of speaking, Shirazi people don't only have a different accent but they also use a slightly different grammar.

Shiraz is not only the representative of history of Fars but it is the city of poetry and literature.



Hafez was aPersian poet. His collected works composed of series of Persian literature are to be found in the homes of most people in IranAfghanistan and Tajikistan, who learn his poems by heart and use them as proverbs and sayings to this day. His life and poems have been the subject of much analysis, commentary and interpretation, influencing post-fourteenth century Persian writing more than any other author.

At left his cemetery can be seen which is one of the places which has its own philosophical atmosphere. Most of Hafez poems are about love and his tomb is one of the places that lovers gather together.


Saadi was one of the major Persian poets of the medieval period. He is not only famous in Persian-speaking countries, but has also been quoted in western sources. He is recognized for the quality of his writings and for the depth of his social and moral thoughts. Saadi is widely recognized as one of the greatest masters of the classical literary tradition.

In Iran Saadi is known for his special way of writing which is very simple and makes it easy to understand for everyone and some of his poems are thought in middle school.

Above we can see his cemetery which is called Saadie and is one of the most respected places for fans of literature and is the dream of so many to visit this place. Saadie always smells like Golab which is a type of a traditional perfume.



Thinking about history of persia always reminds one of the history of Shiraz; Shiraz is where Persepolis is placed one of the 7 wonders of the world. Persepolis was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550–330 BC). Persepolis is situated 70 km northeast of the modern city of Shiraz in the Fars Province of modern Iran.

This city was one of the capitals of Achaemenid Empire which is one of the biggest empires that history of man kind has seen to it self and it has a lot of effect on Persians not to forget who they were and what they have done to this world and what effects they have had. The first time I went to this place I was six years old, I was impressed by the size of this place which is all built from stone and how people were able to do that in more than 2500 years ago but what I was more impressed about was how mens and women were sermoning to this place. Even though I was young I could feel the pride and the pure sense of nationalism in side my soul and I felt a change. This great City has seen great kings to it self such as Cyrus.


Cyrus  commonly known as Cyrus the Great, also known as Cyrus the Elder, was the founder of the Achaemenid Empire. Under his rule, the empire embraced all the previous civilized states of the ancient Near East, expanded vastly and eventually conquered most of Southwest Asia and much of Central Asia and the Caucasus. From the Mediterranean sea andHellespont in the west to the Indus River in the east, Cyrus the Great created the largest empire the world had yet seen. His regal titles in full were The Great King, King of Persia, King of Anshan, King of Media, King of Babylon, King of Sumer and Akkad, and King of the Four Corners of the World. He also proclaimed what has been identified by scholars and archaeologists to be the oldest known declaration of human rights, which was transcribed onto the Cyrus Cylinder sometime between 539 and 530 BC. This view has been criticized by some as a misunderstanding of what they claim to be the Cylinder's generic nature as a traditional statement of the sort that new monarchs may make at the beginning of their reign.


Pasargad Is the grave stone of the greatest king that Iran has seen in its history. The man who brought piece to the four corners of the world.

Here is a link to the website named "The Economist " giving their Idea on the importance of cyrus Cylinder .

Thursday, December 5, 2013

Introduction to The city of Isfahan

Isfahan


Isfahan is historically also rendered in English as IspahanSepahan or Hispahan, is the capital of Isfahan Province in Iran, located about 340 kilometres (211 miles) south of Tehran. It has a population of 1,583,609 and is Iran's third largest city after Tehran and Mashhad. The Isfahan metropolitan area had a population of 3,430,353 in the 2006 Census, the second most populous metropolitan area in Iran after Tehran. Isfahan is one of the oldest cities in Iran and shows a great mixture of persian and Islamic mixture in such a way that some know Isfahan as the capital of Islamic culture. Isfahan has been the capital city of Iran for many years trough out the history and this gave the opportunity to grow before other cities and keep the cloture in it at the same time. During the age of Safavi Kingdom ruling Iran Isfahan was once again chosen as the capital city, Safavi was one of the most successful Persian kingdoms at its time and their attention to culture art and history made isfahan a different city from any other in the world in a way that some people say "Isfahan is half of the world". The river Zayanderood cuts this city in two part of Balarood and PainRood which means above river and bellow river, despite most cities the welter part of Isfahan is the part below the river which is the south of Isfahan.



Naqsh-e Jahan Square, translation: "Image of the World Square", known as Imam Square, formerly known as Shah Square, is a square situated at the center of Isfahan city, Iran. Constructed between 1598 and 1629, it is now an important historical site, and one of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites. It is 160 meters wide by 508 meters long(an area of 89,600 m2). The square is surrounded by buildings from the Safavid era. The Shah Mosque is situated on the south side of this square. On the west side is the Ali QapuPalace. Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque is situated on the eastern side of this square and the northern side opens into the Isfahan Grand Bazaar. Today,Namaaz-e Jom'eh (the Muslim Friday prayer) is held in the Shah Mosque.


Horse polo originally comes from Iran and the start of it is from the Sfavid Kingdom, Naghsh e Jahan square used to be ground for kings horse polo and the building of Ali Qapu which is also known as the balcony of Isfahan (at the time that it was built it was on of the tallest building in Isfahan and it has a huge balcony facing the square so the king could watch polo and also check out on how things are going on at the central bazaar of Isfahan, it was also used for watching the game)


The Shah Mosque(Jameh Abbasi Mosque) known as Imam mosque(after the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran) is an excellent example of Islamic architecture of Iran, and regarded as one of the masterpieces of Persian Architecture. The Shah Mosque of Esfahan is one of the everlasting masterpieces of architecture in Iran. It is registered, along with the Naghsh-i Jahan Square, as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its construction began in 1611, and its splendor is mainly due to the beauty of its seven-colour mosaic tiles and calligraphicinscriptions. The mosque is one of the treasures featured on Around the World in 80 Treasures presented by the architecture historian Dan Cruickshank.
The Safavids founded the Shah Mosque as a channel through which they could express themselves with their numerous architectural techniques. The four-iwanformat, finalized by the Seljuq dynasty, and inherited by the Safavids, firmly established the courtyard facade of such mosques, with the towering gateways at every side, as more important than the actual building itself.During Seljuq rule, as Islamic mysticism was on the rise and Persians were looking for a new type of architectural design that emphasized an Iranian identity, the four-iwan arrangement took form. The Persians already had a rich architectural legacy, and the distinct shape of the iwan was actually taken from earlier, Sassanid palace-designs, such as The Palace of Ardashir. Thus, Islamic architecture witnessed the emergence of a new brand that differed from the hypostyle design of the early, Arab mosques, such as the Umayyad Mosque. The four-iwan format typically took the form of a square shaped, central courtyard with large entrances at each side, giving the impression of being gateways to the spiritual world.



The last piece of culture and great history of Isfahan which I am going to Introduce is Siose Pol which is a bridge on the river of Zayanderood and it connects the north and south of Isfahan. For a long time it was trouble getting from one side to the other side of the river due to the wideness of it; Commissioned in 1602 by Shah Abbas I from his chancellor Allahverdi Khan Undiladze, an Iranian ethnic Georgian, it consists of two rows of 33 arches. There is a larger base plank at the start of the bridge where the Zayandeh River flows under it, supporting a tea house. the total length of the bridge is 297 meter and 14 meter wide. This bridge is made 415 years ago and in those days it was one of the most advanced structures and pieces of architecture.




Thursday, November 21, 2013

Norooz


Is the begging of persian new year and is the celebration of it, Norooz is on 20th of march whit the meaning of New day has an old history and carries a lot of culture with it self and is one of the oldest events on the earth which is celebrated by persians since 2500 year ago. One of the philosophies  behind the day which is chosen for the beginning persian new year is that 20th of march is same as beginning of spring and spring is when all the plants start regrowing and is the rebirth of the nature.

Spring is called Bahar in Persian and is known as rebirth of the nature and the chance of correcting the wrongs that we have had before. During this season both north and south of Iran is Host of people traveling from all over the country specially in the two state of Mazandaran in north and Kish Island in south. These area both are both by the sea and they have a vary different nature, one is connected to persian gulf and the other one is connected to Caspian sea. Kish has every piece of the culture of the south, from food music and traditions with presence of happiness and joy it is known as one of the happiest cities in Iran. Mazandaran which is by the Caspian sea carries the deep culture and history of  more than 8000 years due to a statue found in that are, Mazandaran is the biggest producer of rice in Iran and they are known for their special way of cooking rice and fish which is their main dish.


Part of Norooz tradition and its meaning is to empty the house and clean every spot of it to be ready to face a new year with a lot of events. The event of cleaning the house for new year is called Khoone Tekooni Which is to show that a family is ready to start new and be fresh for the new year. In traditions its said that its important the family members all help with Khoone Tekooni so that they go through stuff together. Family is the most important element of success in Persian philosophy . In Khoone Tekooni is vary Important to wash all the carpets in the house; persian houses are covered in carpet and in old days carpet was made by women's and it represents a lot of life elements in persian philosophy .

Every Norooz a serie of objects are collected and put together on a table in the main room of the house were Norooz is going to be celebrated. seven of these object start with the letter S in persian and they each represent an element or have a meaning, this set of things are called Haft Sin which means seven S. Mirror, apple, candle, Golab, Sabze, Goldfish, painted egg, are some of the objects which are found in Haft Sin and they each symbolize something:



  • Mirror - symbolizing Sky
  • Apple - symbolizing Earth
  • Candles - symbolizing Fire
  • Golab - rose water symbolizing Water
  • Sabzeh - wheat, or barley sprouts symbolizing Plants
  • Goldfish - symbolizing Animals
  • Painted Eggs - symbolizing Humans and Fertility

  • Some other thing on Haft Sin:


    • Samanu - (Persian: سمنو‎)-sweet pudding made from wheat germ - symbolizing affluence
    • Senjed - (Persian: سنجد‎)-dried oleaster Wild Olive fruit - symbolizing love
    • Sir - (Persian: سیر‎)- garlic - symbolizing medicine
    • Sib - (Persian: سیب‎)- apples - symbolizing beauty and health
    • Somāq - (Persian: سماق‎)sumac fruit - symbolizing (the color of) sunrise
    • Serkeh - (Persian: سرکه‎) - vinegar - symbolizing old-age and patience

    Friday, November 8, 2013

    Soccer



    After defatting south Korea In Seoul ,their capital  city Iran got qualification to participate in World cup 2014.With Ghoochanejad's Goal Iran won the match one-nill causing a smile on the face of every individual, people were celebrating Iran's qualification all across the country, every street was filled with people, air was full of pride.


    Reza Ghoochannejad (‎ born 20 September 1987), commonly known as Reza or Gucci, is anIranian-Dutch footballer who currently plays for Belgian club Standard Liège and for the Iran national football team as forward .

    Iran is Also one of the strong soccer teams in Asia and it carries 3 AFC championship and it has been the third for four times and the fourth for one time.




    Sport and mostly soccer these days is playing a huge role in peoples life style and the way they live, think, and act toward each other. Sports allow nations to compete in peace with sportsmanship and fairness. Sport shows the world that being the best does not bring joy if there is no respect.


    Iran's qualification took place approximately one week after Iran's new president Hassan Rohani was elected; Rohani's massage was to soften the relationship among Iran and west. Last week FIFA's president was Invited to Iran, he said he has been invited to Iran before however he find now the right time to come and to also congratulate Iranians for qualifying in 2014 world cup.


    The main reason of this visit was to negotiate Iran's offer on hosting AFC in 2019. Rohani  says that Iran is fully prepared to host major international football tournaments. Rohani believes that Sport helps cultures and nations to get closer together and he says “Today, football is not only a sport, but the shining players are countries’ peace ambassadors to football fields,”. TehranTimes believes that this could be a vary good start to get people of the world to know Iran and Iranians.







    Friday, November 1, 2013

    Book suggestion

    One of the best ways to study the history of a culture is to study the believes of their society. Religion has a huge impact on a cultures history and changes the way people live in certain places. It is the same when it gets to Iran. Religion plays an important role on Iran's culture and old history, Iran also played an important role on how different religions spread around the world due to its geographical location.At the time being majority of Iranians are Moslem which is an explanation on why the country is called Islamic republic of Iran. However there are people with othere religions also with their own communities. The idea of country being called Islamic republic does not mean that there aren't worship places for other religions.


    Religions of Iran is a book suggested by TehranTimes which gives a very good idea on how Iranians life styles chaged through out the history by history and it shows what Iranians have been through to get were they are. This book talk about prehistory of religions in Iran till now, and it shows how Iran effected the spread of different religions around the world over the history and it also gives an opinion on how Iran old religion Zoroastrianism effects other and more common religions.

     Touraj Daryaee, Howard C. Baskerville Professor in the History of Iran and the Persianate World, University of California, Irvine describes the book as:‘This book provides a comprehensive, scholarly and highly readable account of the development of Iranian religions through the ages. Foltz magnificently demonstrates the influence and interaction between Iranian and other world religions. Every student of the history of religions should read this book in order to fully understand the contributions of the Iranian tradition, from Zoroastrianism to the Kurdish religion of the Ahl-e Haqq.’



    Sunday, October 27, 2013

    Iran

    Iran , also known as Persia with more than three thousand year of history officially known as Islamic republic of Iran , placed in Middle East ,has a population of 80 million people with the majority of Moslems . The 18th largest country in the world and 17th most populated nation . From the south it's attached to the Persian gulf , on its north it is connected to Caspian see, has boarder with Azerbaijan,Armenia ,Turkey  , Iraq from west and Turkmenistan , Afghanistan and Pakistan are on its east. Iran is known for its history , culture and food. Kebab is Iran's national dish ; Iranians are really open and friendly to other cultures and people from foreign countries . Here in this website I would mostly introduce I ran and Iranians and try to help with this miss understanding about iran and try to give a better impression and rewrite the the wrong reputation given about my people , culture and country .


    Iran has 32 states ,each of them has it's own culture ,they have their own accent ,history and awesome food. Iran's capital city ,Tehran is placed in north middle of the country is a mixture of all of the other 31 state with a mixture of westernized lifestyle . People from Tehran are coincide red to have no accent and to represent all of the cultures as a mix.for those who are interested in knowing Iran and Persian culture Teheran is a great place to start , it's geographical position represent Iran as the four sisoun country which it is. Down town is a great place to have a perspective of this huge culture and the old history of it.


    Wednesday, October 9, 2013

    The things I carry


    The things I carry

    The things which one carry's determine their personality , character and individuality. People don't just carry objects but they also carry emotion , feeling and all the other things that represent their present in the society.

    Every day I carry my iphone , headphone , a black leather wallet from Paul Smith with the color design in side, I carry sun glasses ; why I do that is due to the weather here , every day I carry a heavy backpack to school Monday to Friday ; in it I have books , my laptop and ipad. Many people ask about my watch ; every day I wear a Big bang Hublot.

    All these Describe the things that I carry and my look apart clothing , however non makes me who I am non let me act and talk the way I do and non is the reason for it. What makes me who I am is the feeling ,experiences and the society I have lived in ; the culture I have been raised in, these are all the things which make me who I am and it shapes my personality.

    The things which I carry is being Iranian, being persian , speaking Farsi , Arabic , English ... the things that I carry is the attitude I have toward people and the perspective I give people about my culture .