Sunday, December 15, 2013

The Great history of persia(Shiraz)


City of Shiraz is located in southwest of Iran and is the capital of Fars province and it has been the capital of Iran for many time through out the history. Shiraz has a population of !.5 million and its one of the oldest cities in Iran. People in Shiraz speak Farsi and have the accent of their own which gives them the unique way of speaking, Shirazi people don't only have a different accent but they also use a slightly different grammar.

Shiraz is not only the representative of history of Fars but it is the city of poetry and literature.



Hafez was aPersian poet. His collected works composed of series of Persian literature are to be found in the homes of most people in IranAfghanistan and Tajikistan, who learn his poems by heart and use them as proverbs and sayings to this day. His life and poems have been the subject of much analysis, commentary and interpretation, influencing post-fourteenth century Persian writing more than any other author.

At left his cemetery can be seen which is one of the places which has its own philosophical atmosphere. Most of Hafez poems are about love and his tomb is one of the places that lovers gather together.


Saadi was one of the major Persian poets of the medieval period. He is not only famous in Persian-speaking countries, but has also been quoted in western sources. He is recognized for the quality of his writings and for the depth of his social and moral thoughts. Saadi is widely recognized as one of the greatest masters of the classical literary tradition.

In Iran Saadi is known for his special way of writing which is very simple and makes it easy to understand for everyone and some of his poems are thought in middle school.

Above we can see his cemetery which is called Saadie and is one of the most respected places for fans of literature and is the dream of so many to visit this place. Saadie always smells like Golab which is a type of a traditional perfume.



Thinking about history of persia always reminds one of the history of Shiraz; Shiraz is where Persepolis is placed one of the 7 wonders of the world. Persepolis was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550–330 BC). Persepolis is situated 70 km northeast of the modern city of Shiraz in the Fars Province of modern Iran.

This city was one of the capitals of Achaemenid Empire which is one of the biggest empires that history of man kind has seen to it self and it has a lot of effect on Persians not to forget who they were and what they have done to this world and what effects they have had. The first time I went to this place I was six years old, I was impressed by the size of this place which is all built from stone and how people were able to do that in more than 2500 years ago but what I was more impressed about was how mens and women were sermoning to this place. Even though I was young I could feel the pride and the pure sense of nationalism in side my soul and I felt a change. This great City has seen great kings to it self such as Cyrus.


Cyrus  commonly known as Cyrus the Great, also known as Cyrus the Elder, was the founder of the Achaemenid Empire. Under his rule, the empire embraced all the previous civilized states of the ancient Near East, expanded vastly and eventually conquered most of Southwest Asia and much of Central Asia and the Caucasus. From the Mediterranean sea andHellespont in the west to the Indus River in the east, Cyrus the Great created the largest empire the world had yet seen. His regal titles in full were The Great King, King of Persia, King of Anshan, King of Media, King of Babylon, King of Sumer and Akkad, and King of the Four Corners of the World. He also proclaimed what has been identified by scholars and archaeologists to be the oldest known declaration of human rights, which was transcribed onto the Cyrus Cylinder sometime between 539 and 530 BC. This view has been criticized by some as a misunderstanding of what they claim to be the Cylinder's generic nature as a traditional statement of the sort that new monarchs may make at the beginning of their reign.


Pasargad Is the grave stone of the greatest king that Iran has seen in its history. The man who brought piece to the four corners of the world.

Here is a link to the website named "The Economist " giving their Idea on the importance of cyrus Cylinder .

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