Thursday, March 27, 2014

Persian Poetry(Part one)

Persian, also known as Iranian or its Original name Farsi is a language spoken by People of Iran and some of the countries which were part of Persian empire such as Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and some part of Iraq, Azerbaijan, Kuwait, Pakistan and Bahrain. Persian is a language known for its historical literature and Poetry, this language is sometimes referred to language of Similes and metaphors.

First Persian known poet, Rudaki lived from 858 - ca. to 941-ca which makes Persian one of the oldest literature's in the world. Some know Persian poetry the savior of the great history and culture of Persia, After the attack of Alexander to Hakhamaneshi Empire, Mongol's and Arabs attack to Iran libraries were burned and in some part of country people were forced to study in a different language. If you take a culture away from its people you are taking their identity away; for years Persian poet were known by heart and thought from generation to generation until Iranian took over their country and had their own government.

during the age of Sasanian empire which was a persian government arabs attack Iran and took over the country, they burned libraries and forced people to talk and study arabic at this time Ferdosi which is one of the greatest Persian Poets Wrote a book named "Shahname" which means the story of the king which is telling stories about the legends and history of persian Empire and how people of Iran stand against  others for their freedom.

Shahname is consist about 50,000 versus and it is one of the most unique poetries in its kind, but one thing that is very special about shah name is that there is no word from any other language and it is all made up from persian words. Some believe Shahname is one of the greatest factor that there are people who still speak Persian despite the fact that it has been forced to be destroyed as a language by many Foreign Governors of Iran. Ferdowsi did not expect his readers to pass over historical events indifferently, but asked them to think carefully, to see the grounds for the rise and fall of individuals and nations; and to learn from the past in order to improve the present, and to better shape the future. Ferdowsi stresses his belief that since the world is transient, and since everyone is merely a passerby, one is wise to avoid cruelty, lying, avarice, and other evils; instead one should strive for justice, honor, truth, order, and other virtues.
The singular message that the Shahnameh of Ferdowsi strives to convey is the idea that the history of the Sassanid Empire was a complete and immutable whole: it started with Keyumars, the first man, and ended with his fiftieth scion and successor,Yazdegerd III, six thousand years of history of Iran. The task of Ferdowsi was to prevent this history from being lost to future Persian generations.
According to Jalal Khaleghi Mutlaq, the Shahnameh teaches a wide variety of moral virtues, like worship of one God; religious uprightness; patriotism; love of wife, family and children; and helping the poor.