Saturday, April 5, 2014

Persian Poetry (Part two)


When studying the persian poetry it is important to know the different types of it. There are seven main types of persian Poetries; Masnavi, Ghazal, Ghaside, Robayi, Chahar pare, Modern, Ghatee, Tarji Band. In this blog post I am going to compare the structure of each on and give example of each of them.
Masnavi is a type of structure which is usually used when the poem wants to write a long poet, in Masnavi there must be a rhyme after each Half verse . And every pair of half verse should only have a rhyme with its half verse.so the look of it would be

c--------------------   c ----------------------

b--------------------   b-----------------------

a---------------------   a-----------------------

examples of Masnavi are Shahname, Masnavi-Manavi, Boostan Saadi, Jami, Nezami, Mosibat Name are some of the greatest Masnavis ever written.



Ghazal is the structure Mostly used for Love Poets which has a limit and it should not go over than 17 verse and the minimum is seven. the rhyme is at the first half verse and the end of all the full verses so it would look like:

c---------------------    c------------------------
c----------------------    b----------------------
c----------------------    h-----------------------

Some of the Greatest Ghazal Poems are; Hafez, Sadii, Saeb Tabrizi. One thing that always is mentioned in Ghazal is wine and how being drunk effects the way love feels.

The real revival of Persian letters came in the early twentieth century, when the growing desire for reform inspired numerous satires. One of the most outstanding figures of this period was Iraj Mirza (died 1926), a poet of great talent and champion of the emancipation of women. Other noted poets were Adib, Bahar, Lahuti, Shahryar, Aref and the poetess Parvin E'tesami. Poets of more recent decades include Nima Yoshij, Ra'di, Khanlari, Islami, Gulchin, Ahmad ShamlouMehdi Akhavan Sales, Mas'ud Farzad, Sohrab Sepehri, Fereidoon Moshiri and the poetess Forough Farrokhzad. Some of these poets have introduced verse forms new to Persian literature. Here should not be forgotten the great works of Sadeq HedayatSamad BehrangiSadeq Choubak and many others who enriched the persian literature. 

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